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Unit 8 - Lesson 39 - The future using will or shall

 

Learn

The future

The future tense

Will

'Will' does not change its form.
I, you, he, she, it, we, they   
   will
'Will' is often shortened to ...'ll.

English pronunciationI'll, you'll, he'll, she'll, we'll, they'll and (although it's not good English) you might even hear it'llEnglish pronunciation

The negative of 'will' is 'will not' - often shortened to won't

I, you, he, she, it, we, they   
  will not / won't

answer the phone

For example
+ -
  I will go.   I'll go.   I won't go
  You will go.   You'll go.   You won't go
  He will go.   He'll go.   He won't go
  She will go.   She'll go.   She won't go
  It will go.   It'll go.   It won't go
  We will go.   We'll go.   We won't go
  They will go.   They'll go.   They won't go

!Note! 'Will' on its own is not used for things we have arranged or decided to do.

"Will" is usually used in these situations:-

Volunteering to do something: (The phone is ringing). I'll answer it.
Promising to do something:
(A friend is leaving) I'll visit you in the summer.
Deciding to do something :
(Your car won't start) I'll buy a new car.
Ordering someone to do something:
(Your child won't do their homework) You'll do your homework now!
Predicting something will happen
(Winter is coming) I think it will be a cold winter.

Sometimes you can use 'will' as a threat.

answer the phone
Don't move or I'll shoot!

!Note! 'Will' is often used with think - "I think I will ..."

 

Positive (+)

Negative (-)

Statement

I'll do my homework now. I won't do my homework later.

Statement
(using think)

I think she'll go to the cinema tonight. I don't think she'll go to the cinema tomorrow.

Question (using will)

Will there be a test on Monday? Won't there be a test on Monday?

Question (closed)

Do you think they'll win? Do you think they won't win?

Question (open)

What do you think he'll do in the summer holidays?  

Shall

shall

'Shall' does not change its form.
I, you, he, she, it, we, they   
   shall.
'Shall' is also shortened to ...'ll.
I'll, you'll, he'll, she'll, we'll, they'll - and even (although it's not good English) it'll

The negative of 'shall' is 'shall not' - often shortened to shan't

I, you, he, she, it, we, they   
  shall not / shan't

In British English 'Shall' is often used instead of will in the first person (I/we).

I / We will 
=
I / We shall
I shall be at work on time.   
=   I will be at work on time.
We shall win the competition.   
=   We will win the competition.
They shall not pass!  
=
  They shan't pass!

'Shall' is also often used in the first person (I/we) in questions when asking for permission, making suggestions, making an offer or asking for advice.

Shall I do that?
Shall we go home?

Listen to it

 


More English Lessons

Next Lesson - 'Going to' and the future continuous
Previous Lesson - Countable vs Uncountable Nouns

Test

Test what you have learnt - Will or won't?

Practise Your English

Read this song

Where do you think you will be this time next year?

!Note - All posts are moderated and then corrected. One correction per person per lesson.
You can read some previous corrections On the old forum.
Print Version - you can print this lesson out here.
 
Week 39

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